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Rooted Racial Discrimination in the US Highlights Its Hypocr

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视频播放位置 下载安装Flash播放器 中国人权研究会7月26日发表《美国根深蒂固的种族歧视问题凸显“美式人权”的虚伪》文章。全文如下: The China Society for Human Rights Studies on Friday issued an article titled The Deep-Rooted Racial Discrimin

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中国人权研究会7月26日发表《美国根深蒂固的种族歧视问题凸显“美式人权”的虚伪》文章。全文如下:



The China Society for Human Rights Studies on Friday issued an article titled "The Deep-Rooted Racial Discrimination in the US Highlights Its Hypocrisy on Human Rights." Following is the full text of the article:


美国根深蒂固的种族歧视问题凸显“美式人权”的虚伪  

中国人权研究会  

2019年7月



The Deep-Rooted Racial Discrimination in the US Highlights Its Hypocrisy on Human Rights  

China Society for Human Rights Studies  

July 2019


美国是一个多种族国家,历史上欧洲殖民扩张和非洲奴隶贸易,以及近代以来大量移民人口的不断进入,形成了当今美国的种族结构和种族关系。



The United States is a multi-racial country. Its present racial structure and race relations have their historical roots in European colonial expansion and African slave trade, and the influx of immigrants in modern times.


根据2010年人口普查数据,美国总人口约为3.08亿。美国官方根据肤色、血统、来源地等对种族进行分类:白人占总人口比例的72.4%,其中非拉美裔白人占总人口比例为63.7%;非洲裔占总人口的比例为12.6%;亚裔占总人口的比例为4.8%;原住民占总人口的比例约为1.1%;其他种族占总人口比例为6.2%;混合种族约占总人口比例的2.9%。非拉美裔白人被视作美国的主体种族,而包含拉美裔白人在内的1.12亿其他族裔都被称为少数种族。



The 2010 census showed that the US had a total population of 308 million. Based on their color, blood lineage, and places of origin, the US administration divides the population into: whites, 72.4 percent of the total population, including 63.7 percent non-Hispanic whites; African Americans, 12.6 percent; Asians, 4.8 percent; native Americans, 1.1 percent; other races, 6.2 percent; and mixed races, 2.9 percent. The non-Hispanic whites are deemed to be the majority racial group in the US, while the other 112 million people including the white Hispanic and Latino Americans are called minorities.


种族是美国重要的社会类别区分。美国学者托马斯·索维尔在其《美国种族简史》一书中指出,“肤色在决定美国人的命运方面,显然具有举足轻重的作用。”基于这种区分,美国不同种族之间逐步形成了一套在群体地位和群体权力上的层级系统。作为主体种族的欧洲裔白人对国家权力的根本性控制,以及对其他所有种族群体系统性的歧视,是美国种族层级系统的核心特征。美国的种族歧视事实上就是欧洲裔白人对所有其他少数种族的歧视。种族歧视既是这套种族层级系统的形成原因,也是这套种族层级系统的维持机制。



Races are an important marker of US social division of category. Thomas Sowell, a US scholar, writes in his Ethnic America: A History, "Color has obviously played a major role in determining the fate of many Americans..." It is such differences that give rise to a hierarchy formed among different races that defines the status and power of each group. The fundamental control of state power by the European whites, the dominant race, and their systematic discrimination against all other races are the conspicuous feature of the American racial hierarchy. Racial discrimination in the US is in essence the discrimination of the European whites against all other racial minorities. Racial discrimination is the root cause and the supporting mechanism of the American racial hierarchy.


一、美国种族歧视的种种表现



I. Forms of Racial Discrimination in the US


联合国《消除一切形式种族歧视国际公约》要求各缔约国采取积极行动,禁止并消除一切形式种族歧视,保证人人在法律上一律平等,不分种族、肤色或民族或人种得以平等享受公民权利、政治权利和经济、社会及文化权利。作为这一国际公约的缔约国,美国国内的种族歧视问题与此要求都相去甚远。美国种族歧视体现在现实生活的方方面面,其中特别突出地体现在执法司法领域、经济领域、社会领域。



The UN "International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination" requires all state parties to take active measures to prohibit and eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms, and to guarantee the right of everyone to equality before the law, civil rights, political rights, and economic, social and cultural rights without distinction as to race, color, or national or ethnic origin. The United States, a signatory to the Convention, has failed miserably in meeting these requirements. Racial discrimination in the US is found in every aspect of people's lives, particularly in law enforcement, the judiciary, the economy and society.


(一)执法司法领域中的种族歧视



1. Racial discrimination in law enforcement and the judiciary


法律面前人人平等是国际人权宪章的基本原则。虽然美国的政治理念和法律制度也明确承认这一原则,但现实中美国的执法司法实践却与之背道而驰,相关领域中的种族歧视现象呈变本加厉之势,少数种族的基本人权被肆意践踏。



Equality before the law for everyone is a basic principle in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; it is also recognized in America's political philosophy and legal system. In reality, however, many practices of US law enforcement and the judiciary run counter to this principle, with racial discrimination worsening in certain areas and the basic human rights of racial minorities willfully violated.